What Causes of Nail Fungus?

Nail Fungus is a fungus that affects both the fingernails and the toenails however it is more common to see it in the toenails. In this article, the traits and factors that can increase the risk of getting toe nail fungus will be mentioned followed by a more in-depth explanation of what actually causes the nail fungus.

Here are some common nail fungus culprits:

1) Age:

It’s inevitable but as we age our bodies begin to break down and our immune systems to weaken. It is estimated that 1 in 3 people over the age of 50 contract nail fungus. The most common cause of nail fungus is aging due to the following factors:

  • Weakening immune system
  • Poor circulation
  • Decreased nail growth
  • Medical problems such as Diabetes

Shoes and Socks:

It may seem silly that something so innocuous can be the cause of the spread of infection, but the truth is that socks and shoes are some of the more common causes of toenail fungus.; more specifically, wearing socks and shoes for lengthy periods of time without changing them for clean pairs. Fungi thrives in humid environments; a warm, moist pair of shoes or socks - especially tight fitting shoes and socks - is the perfect breeding ground for toenail fungus.

3) Injury:

Blunt force trauma or any other injury to the nail results in dammage that could uplift the nail causing the nail bed to be more susceptible to entry by bacteria, dermatophytes, among other germs. Trauma to the nail could result from something as simple as stubbing your toe or dropping an object on your foot.

4) Public Places.. Showers, Sidewalks, Pools, Locker Rooms:

Avoid walking barefoot in any of these publics places they are prime opportunities to contract a nail infection. In general, walking barefoot in any public place that is dark, wet, and where other people frequently walk barefoot dramatically increases the likelihood of toenail fungus. Wear water shoes or flip flops to be on the safe side.

5) Medical Conditions:

Those with compromised immune systems, poor circulation, and other conditions such as diabetes are more prone to experience fungal infections such as toenail fungus.

6) Trauma:

when a nail is hit against something, the nail lifts from the nail bed allowing fungus to creep under the nail and set in. If the nail is protected immediately after, fungus may be prevented. Ask your doctor how to prevent bacteria and fungus from getting under your nail bed. Salt water soaks, hydrogen peroxide, betadine, gentian violet all may help. However, be careful as these can be contraindicated with certain types of trauma - especially severe trauma. Ask your doctor.

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